ECONOMICS (POVERTY AND AGRICULTURE)

Poverty(CHAPTER)
1. Absolute poverty(पूर्ण गरीबी )
2. Relative poverty(तुलनात्मक गरीबी )

1. ABSOLUTE POVERTY 
When person do not able to earn money for satisfying the basic need.

2.RELATIVE POVERTY
When a low level income of person compared to high level income of person then they feel poverty.

MEASUREMENT OF ABSOLUTE POVERTY
1. Calorie method
2. Household consumption

LAKDAWALA COMMITTEE ::1993

2. HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION

*Suresh Tendulkar committee 2009.
*Report published 2010{26/day (rural) 32 rs/ day ( urban)}.
*Rangarajan committee 2014{32/ day(RURAL) rs48/ day ( URBAN)}.

MEASUREMENT OF RELATIVE POVERTY
Lawrence curve
Gini coefficient 
kuznets curve
............................................................................

HDI:: HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX

*It is developed by Pakistani economist by Mehboob Ul Haq in 1990.

*It is published by UNDP( United Nation development programme).
INDIA RANK (2014 )::135 
INDIA RANK( 2015):: 130
INDIA RANK (2016 )::130

Its rank 2014, 15, 16:: NORWAY

HDI
Per capita income
Life expectancy
Education

GEOMETRIC MEANS (G)::3✓PCI,LE,ED.

G. VALUE=.0 TO.49:: LESS DEVELOPMENT
G. value=.5 to .69:: development
G. Value= .7 to .79:: very development
G. Value= .8 to .1 :: most development
............................................................................

AGRICULTURE(CHAPTER)

CLASSIFICATION OF AGRICULTURE

1. On the basis of weather
*Kharif (June to July) (September to October) harvesting.

*Ravi (October to November )(March to April) harvesting.

*Zaid crops (April to May)( June June to July) harvesting.


2.ON THE BASIS OF UTILITY
*FOOD GRAIN
*CASH CROP
*PLANTATION CROP
*HORTICULTURE CROP

KHARIF CROPS

धान, गन्ना  ज्वार, बाजरा  मक्का, मूंगफली,  जुट, कपास  ,,,

RAVI  CROP
गेहूं, चना, मटर, सरसो, ,

ZAID CROP
तरबूज, खरबूज, ककड़ी, खीरा ,,,,,

FOOD GRAIN
धान, गेहूं, मक्का, बाजरा,, ,,, ,

CASH CROP
गन्ना, मूंगफली, जुट ,कपास ,अफीम ,,, , ,

PLANTATION CROP
चाय  कॉफी, रबर  ,, ,,

HORTICULTURE CROP
फल, फूल, सबब्जिया , ,  , ,

SLACK SESSION
1 jan to 30 june

HIGH PRODUCTION =DUMPTING ->LESS PRICE/ ABOLISHED

HORDING=NEGATIVE TACTICS (FORCEFULLY= PRICE up COMPETITION down).

GRADATION AND STANDARDIZATION
(Inspection of Marketing department)

ACPC (1965)<-CACP (1985) Commission for agricultural costs and price.

MSP (1966) MINIMUM SUPPORT PRICE.

*CHARACTERISTICS OF INDIAN AGRICULTURE ->SCARE LAND AND SURPLUS LABOUR.
*Main problem of less development of agriculture-> small holding of land.

*Less developed /developing country ->poverty =>income inequality.

CACP-> IT IS A CONDITION WHICH WE COMMENT GOVERNMENT FOR SETTING OF MINIMUM PRICE OF AGRICULTURAL GOODS.

MSP-> IT IS THE MINIMUM PRICE ON WHICH GOVERNMENT BY AGRICULTURAL GOODS FROM FARMER.

IMPORTANT RESOLUTION OF AGRICULTURE

4G ने B3 व R2 को SSP ,WEY से समझया !

4G= GREEN ,GREY ,GOLDEN ,GOLDEN FIBRE,,,

B3=BLUE ,BLACK, BROWN,,,,

R2=RED, ROUND

SSP=SILVER, SILVER FIBRE ,PINK,,,,

WEY=WHITE, EVER GREEN, YELLOW,,,,

HYV-> HIGH YIELD VARIETY (1966)

FATHER->NORMAN BORLAUG

INDIAN FATHER->MS SWAMINATHAN


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